The project consists of four components implemented in a sequential and coordinated manner.
As part of the first part of the project, a factual study will be conducted for more than one year on the flows of used and end-of-life electronic products imported into several West African countries (Nigeria, Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Ghana) by land and sea, particularly from European countries. Local staff was trained by international experts and associated with the field research and data collection enterprise. Investigations in Europe's exporting ports have also been conducted in collaboration with key institutions and environmental enforcement networks.
Under the second component of the project, three importing countries were selected for conducting national assessments on used and end-of-life electronic equipment and preparing national plans for environmentally sound management. Country assessments include the description and assessment of e-waste management practices in the formal and informal sector, including economic and social impacts, and the potential impact on human health.
The main objective is to assist, on a trial basis, several countries to develop environmentally sound management policies for e-waste generated at the national level. This component also took into account the results of the first component, the volume and type of electronic equipment imported at end-of-life, the re-export in the sub-region, and preliminary information on the willingness and commitment of national governments.
The results of the country assessments were shared with national multi-stakeholder groups composed of government representatives, representatives of the recycling sector (including informal sector) and civil society and were used for the preparation of national plans in the following areas: awareness education, monitoring / control, technology and skills, regulation and policy, producer responsibility.
An in-depth socio-economic study on the functioning and impacts on the sustainability of the e-waste sector in one country (Nigeria) was conducted. This includes a feasibility study of international cooperation between African SMEs and European recycling companies by combining their specific competitive advantages in the disassembly of electronic waste and the recovery of materials.
An enforcement program of five importing States (Benin, Egypt, Ghana, Nigeria and Tunisia) on the monitoring and control of transboundary movements of used and end-of-life electronic equipment and the prevention of illicit trafficking has been put in place. implemented. A training program for port and customs authorities, government authorities and accreditation authorities has been developed by specialized agencies. The enforcement program made recommendations on measures to prevent illicit traffic as well as on Europe's export control of used and end-of-life electronic products from Europe to Africa. It also aims to develop a system for the exchange of information on end-of-life electronic equipment between exporting and importing countries in Africa and Europe